Archean sulfide and sulfate minerals commonly exhibit anomalous ratios among four stable sulfur isotopes, 32S, 33S, 34S, and 36S. These anomalous relationships, referred to as sulfur mass-independent fractionation (S-MIF), provide strong evidence for an early anoxic atmosphere. Correlated variations among three isotope ratios (33S, 34S, and 36S) can be observed in rocks throughout the Archean and are a key clue toward identifying the source reaction of S-MIF. Studies to investigate the origin of Archean S-MIF so far have primarily focused on the photochemistry of sulfur dioxide (SO2). Photolysis of SO2 at wavelengths <220 nm and photoexcitation at 240340 nm both yield large-magnitude S-MIF. Proposed mechanisms of S-MIF include isotopologue-dependent self-shielding, cross-sectional amplitudes, and vibronic coupling during intersystem crossing. This review discusses the emerging picture of the physical origins of S-MIF and their implications for the chemistry of the early Earth's atmosphere.
Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Sciences – Annual Reviews
Published: Aug 30, 2017
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera