This is the fourth review of training and development to appear in the Annual Review of Psychology. The earlier reviews were by Campbell (1971), GoldÂ stein (1980), Wexley (1984), and Latham (1988). Our review focuses on the scientific literature on training and development in an organizational context during the years from 1987 through February, 1991. We describe current practices and emerging trends in training in work organizations . We describe continuing trends and prevailing approaches but pay special attention to new concepts and methods. OUI review is selective rather than comprehensive. We do not attempt to review literature on some of the subjects emphasized four years ago by Latham (1988), including the historical background of training, training in other cultures, training of raters , and leadership training. We focus on training design, selected training methods, trainee characteristics, the pretraining and posttraining environments, and to a lessor extent, on training needs analysis and evaluation . Recent developments that receive special attention include cognitive learning theories, high technology training methods, team training, and on-the-job managerial development. Following Latham's (1988) example, we do not attempt to make a systemaÂ tic review of the voluminous literature in practitioner-oriented publications. Nor do we
Annual Review of Psychology – Annual Reviews
Published: Feb 1, 1992
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