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Themes in Expatriate and Repatriate Research over Four Decades: What Do We Know and What Do We Still Need to Learn?

Themes in Expatriate and Repatriate Research over Four Decades: What Do We Know and What Do We... Since the 1970s, international work assignments have been, and continue to be, a growing trend in multinational corporations. Organizations most commonly do this through an expatriate assignment where the employee expatriates to a foreign country to live and work for at least one year in order to complete a specific assignment, and then typically repatriates back to the home country. Scholars of organizational psychology and behavior have thus investigated various aspects of expatriation and repatriation over the past 40 years. We review the 100 most influential articles published in this area during these decades. We identify important themes, discuss how and why the themes have evolved, and make note of unanswered research questions. On the basis of what we have learned, we make suggestions with regard to how individuals and organizations can better manage expatriate assignments. We close by providing future research directions on expatriation and repatriation. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Annual Review of Organizational Psychology and Organizational Behavior Annual Reviews

Themes in Expatriate and Repatriate Research over Four Decades: What Do We Know and What Do We Still Need to Learn?

Themes in Expatriate and Repatriate Research over Four Decades: What Do We Know and What Do We Still Need to Learn?


Since the 1970s, international work assignments have been, and continue to be, a growing trend in multinational corporations. Organizations most commonly do this through an expatriate assignment where the employee expatriates to a foreign country to live and work for at least one year in order to complete a specific assignment, and then typically repatriates back to the home country. Scholars of organizational psychology and behavior have thus investigated various aspects of expatriation and repatriation over the past 40 years. We review the 100 most influential articles published in this area during these decades. We identify important themes, discuss how and why the themes have evolved, and make note of unanswered research questions. On the basis of what we have learned, we make suggestions with regard to how individuals and organizations can better manage expatriate assignments. We close by providing future research directions on expatriation and repatriation. INTRODUCTION For the past four decades, international work assignments have been, and continue to be, a growing trend in multinational corporations (MNCs) (see for example the Brookfield Global Mobility Trends Reports 2015). The most common staffing strategy to fill international positions is an expatriate assignment where the employee expatriates to a foreign country to live and work for at least one year in order to fulfill a specific role and then repatriates back to the home country (Shaffer et al. 2012). Spouses and children typically relocate with expatriates, which adds additional challenges to the work assignment, but also provides the expatriate employee with a social support system. Scholars of organizational psychology and behavior have thus investigated the multifaceted aspects of expatriation and repatriation. The aim of this article is to provide an overview of 100...
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References (105)

Publisher
Annual Reviews
Copyright
Copyright © 2016 by Annual Reviews. All rights reserved
ISSN
2327-0608
eISSN
2327-0608
DOI
10.1146/annurev-orgpsych-041015-062437
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Since the 1970s, international work assignments have been, and continue to be, a growing trend in multinational corporations. Organizations most commonly do this through an expatriate assignment where the employee expatriates to a foreign country to live and work for at least one year in order to complete a specific assignment, and then typically repatriates back to the home country. Scholars of organizational psychology and behavior have thus investigated various aspects of expatriation and repatriation over the past 40 years. We review the 100 most influential articles published in this area during these decades. We identify important themes, discuss how and why the themes have evolved, and make note of unanswered research questions. On the basis of what we have learned, we make suggestions with regard to how individuals and organizations can better manage expatriate assignments. We close by providing future research directions on expatriation and repatriation.

Journal

Annual Review of Organizational Psychology and Organizational BehaviorAnnual Reviews

Published: Mar 21, 2016

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