Injury to the photosynthetic apparatus of green plants induced by exposure to strong light has been known for a long time. Various aspects of inhibition of 0066-4294/84/0601-0015$02.00 POWLES photosynthesis by strong light were considered decades ago (46, 114, 138). Damage to the photosynthetic apparatus is caused by wavelengths in the ultraviolet (27), by light in the visible part of the spectrum, and by interactions between visible and ultraviolet light (158). This review considers only the inhibition of photosynthesis induced by visible light (sunlight, or by lamps designed to simulate sunlight). In general, this review includes papers pubÂ lished since 1950. Various terms have been used to describe the phenomenon of reduction of capacity for photosynthesis induced by exposure of photosynthetic organisms, structures, or organelles to visible light. Some of these terms are: photoinhibiÂ tion, photooxidation, photoinactivation, photolability, solarization, photoÂ the reduction of photosynthetic capacity, independent of gross changes in pigment concentration, induced by exposure to visible light (400-700 nm). The CO2 diffusion: in the majority of experiments the intercellulï¿½ CO2 partial pressure after treatment was similar to or greater than that prior to photoinhibiÂ tion. Long-term exposure of plants or photosynthetic organelles to strong light can photo inhibition
Annual Review of Plant Biology – Annual Reviews
Published: Jun 1, 1984
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