Information Processing Models of Cognition

Information Processing Models of Cognition This chapter will review recent progress in modeling human cognitive processes. Particular attention will be paid to the use of computer program­ ming languages as a formalism for modeling, and to computer simulation of the behavior of the systems modeled. IThis research Mental Health. was supported by Research Grant MH-07722 from the National Institute of 0066-4308/79/0201-0363$01.00 SIMON Theories of human cognitive processes can be attempted at several levels: at the level of neural processes, at the level of elementary information processes (e.g. retrieval from memory, scanning down lists in memory, comparing simple symbols, etc), or at the level of higher mental processes (e.g. problem solving, concept attainment). This chapter will not deal at all with neural models, and it will focus mainly upon higher mental processes, but not without some attention to modeling the elementary processes and especially to the relations between elementary and complex processes. Computer modeling (and, to a lesser extent, mathematical modeling) tend to encourage attention to process rather than to state functional rela­ tions between experimental conditions and outcomes. They also encourage the building of theories that extend over whole ranges of cognitive tasks and experimental settings and that handle the interactions of several http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Annual Review of Psychology Annual Reviews

Information Processing Models of Cognition

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Abstract

This chapter will review recent progress in modeling human cognitive processes. Particular attention will be paid to the use of computer program­ ming languages as a formalism for modeling, and to computer simulation of the behavior of the systems modeled. IThis research Mental Health. was supported by Research Grant MH-07722 from the National Institute of 0066-4308/79/0201-0363$01.00 SIMON Theories of human cognitive processes can be attempted at several levels: at the level of neural processes, at the level of elementary information processes (e.g. retrieval from memory, scanning down lists in memory, comparing simple symbols, etc), or at the level of higher mental processes (e.g. problem solving, concept attainment). This chapter will not deal at all with neural models, and it will focus mainly upon higher mental processes, but not without some attention to modeling the elementary processes and especially to the relations between elementary and complex processes. Computer modeling (and, to a lesser extent, mathematical modeling) tend to encourage attention to process rather than to state functional rela­ tions between experimental conditions and outcomes. They also encourage the building of theories that extend over whole ranges of cognitive tasks and experimental settings and that handle the interactions of several

Journal

Annual Review of PsychologyAnnual Reviews

Published: Feb 1, 1979

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