Genome Packaging by Spherical Plant RNA Viruses

Genome Packaging by Spherical Plant RNA Viruses Abstract The majority of positive-strand RNA viruses of plants replicate and selectively encapsidate their progeny genomes into stable virions in cytoplasmic compartments of the cell where the opportunity to copackage cellular RNA also exists. Remarkably, highly purified infectious virions contain almost exclusively viral RNA, suggesting that mechanisms exist to regulate preferential packaging of viral genomes. The general principle that governs RNA packaging is an interaction between the structural CP and a specific RNA signal. Mechanisms that enhance selective packaging of viral genomes and formation of infectious virions may involve factors other than CP and nucleic acid sequences. The possible involvement of replicase proteins is an example. Our knowledge concerning genome packaging among spherical plant RNA viruses is still maturing. The main focus of this review is to discuss factors that have limited progress and to evaluate recent technical breakthroughs likely to help unravel the mechanism of RNA packaging among viruses of agronomic importance. A key breakthrough is the development of in vivo systems and comparisons with results obtained in vitro. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Annual Review of Phytopathology Annual Reviews

Genome Packaging by Spherical Plant RNA Viruses

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Publisher
Annual Reviews
Copyright
Copyright © 2006 by Annual Reviews. All rights reserved
ISSN
0066-4286
eISSN
1545-2107
D.O.I.
10.1146/annurev.phyto.44.070505.143334
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Abstract The majority of positive-strand RNA viruses of plants replicate and selectively encapsidate their progeny genomes into stable virions in cytoplasmic compartments of the cell where the opportunity to copackage cellular RNA also exists. Remarkably, highly purified infectious virions contain almost exclusively viral RNA, suggesting that mechanisms exist to regulate preferential packaging of viral genomes. The general principle that governs RNA packaging is an interaction between the structural CP and a specific RNA signal. Mechanisms that enhance selective packaging of viral genomes and formation of infectious virions may involve factors other than CP and nucleic acid sequences. The possible involvement of replicase proteins is an example. Our knowledge concerning genome packaging among spherical plant RNA viruses is still maturing. The main focus of this review is to discuss factors that have limited progress and to evaluate recent technical breakthroughs likely to help unravel the mechanism of RNA packaging among viruses of agronomic importance. A key breakthrough is the development of in vivo systems and comparisons with results obtained in vitro.

Journal

Annual Review of PhytopathologyAnnual Reviews

Published: Sep 8, 2006

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