Foreign Genes in Plants: Transfer, Structure, Expression, and Applications

Foreign Genes in Plants: Transfer, Structure, Expression, and Applications The development of efficient gene vector systems and various genetic transformation techniques has catalyzed rapid progress in plant genetic 421 0066-4197/8811215-0421$2.00 WEISING, SCHELL & KAHL engineering over the past five years. Stable integration and expression of foreign genes in many dicotyledonous and a few monocotyledonous plants is now routine. As a result, plant gene research is witnessing a burst of new data that need critical evaluation. This review examines new insights into natural plant engineering via the Ti plasmid of Agrobacterium tumefaciens, Ti plas­ mid-derived plant gene vectors, transformation techniques, the structure and expression of genes in their transgenic environment, and it briefly discusses the impact of plant genetic engineering for basic gene research, as well as for crop improvement. The reader should also consult three other recent surveys of the topic (112 , 184, 281) . NATURAL PLANT ENGINEERING VIA THE TI PLASMID OF AGROBACTERIUM TUMEFACIENS Virulent strains of Agrobacterium tumefaciens (Rhizobiaceae) are character­ ized by the presence of a large plasmid (Ti plasmid , > 150 kb; 353). These bacteria induce neoplastic growth on most dicots and gymnosperms (77), but also on a few monocots (45 , 1 30, 1 49, 280) where it results in http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Annual Review of Genetics Annual Reviews

Foreign Genes in Plants: Transfer, Structure, Expression, and Applications

Annual Review of Genetics, Volume 22 (1) – Dec 1, 1988

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Publisher
Annual Reviews
Copyright
Copyright 1988 Annual Reviews. All rights reserved
Subject
Review Articles
ISSN
0066-4197
eISSN
1545-2948
D.O.I.
10.1146/annurev.ge.22.120188.002225
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The development of efficient gene vector systems and various genetic transformation techniques has catalyzed rapid progress in plant genetic 421 0066-4197/8811215-0421$2.00 WEISING, SCHELL & KAHL engineering over the past five years. Stable integration and expression of foreign genes in many dicotyledonous and a few monocotyledonous plants is now routine. As a result, plant gene research is witnessing a burst of new data that need critical evaluation. This review examines new insights into natural plant engineering via the Ti plasmid of Agrobacterium tumefaciens, Ti plas­ mid-derived plant gene vectors, transformation techniques, the structure and expression of genes in their transgenic environment, and it briefly discusses the impact of plant genetic engineering for basic gene research, as well as for crop improvement. The reader should also consult three other recent surveys of the topic (112 , 184, 281) . NATURAL PLANT ENGINEERING VIA THE TI PLASMID OF AGROBACTERIUM TUMEFACIENS Virulent strains of Agrobacterium tumefaciens (Rhizobiaceae) are character­ ized by the presence of a large plasmid (Ti plasmid , > 150 kb; 353). These bacteria induce neoplastic growth on most dicots and gymnosperms (77), but also on a few monocots (45 , 1 30, 1 49, 280) where it results in

Journal

Annual Review of GeneticsAnnual Reviews

Published: Dec 1, 1988

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