Field studies conducted over the past 25 years have documented significant differences in diet, foraging patterns, and locomotor behavior in sympatric primate species (20,21, 25, 35, 37, 40, 42, 46, 48,51, 53, 66, 70, 71, 91, 92, 95, 97-99,107,114, 115, 119-121, 129, 141, 145, 172, 200, 201, 203, 205,206,211, 212, 224, 227, 233). Resource utilization is related in part to body size (weight) and its effect on the metabolic and nutritional requirements of individual species, as well as scaling factors associated with gut size, food passage rate, home range area, and the cost of locomotion (29, 30, 52, 85, 117, 125, 130, 131, 144, 190, 192, 208). These factors determine the profitability of specific food items to the primate consumer and exert a strong influence on dietary and foraging patterns. For example, the relatively high metabolic rates and limited gut volumes of most small-bodied primates necessitate a diet high in nutrient quality and available energy. For primates weighing less than 2000 g, ripe fruits, exudates, nectar, and insects are the primary components of the diet. Even among closely related taxa of similar size, individual species exhibit distinct dietary patterns. Sussman (207: 152) argues that despite an abundance of
Annual Review of Anthropology – Annual Reviews
Published: Oct 1, 1987
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