Face Agnosia and the Neural Substrates of Memory

Face Agnosia and the Neural Substrates of Memory Antonio R. Damasio, Daniel Tranel, and Hanna Damasio Department of Neurology, Division of Behavioral Neurology and Cognitive Neuroscience, University of Iowa College of Medicine, Iowa City, Iowa 52242 Focal damageto selective regions of the humanassociation cortices can impair the ability to recognize the identity of previously familiar faces, even whenvisual perception and intellect remain unaltered. In general, the impairment is accompaniedby an inability to learn the identity of new faces. The phenomenonhas been noted since the turn of the century (Wilbrand 1892), and is knownas prosopagnosia, or face agnosia. Its bizarre and unseeming nature lent itself to doubts that it could be caused by specific neural dysfunction, and psychodynamicinterpretations were even offered. Recently, however, face agnosia has becomethe focus of serious study (e.g. Lhermitte et al 1972, Meadows 1974, Newcombe 1979, Benton 1980, Damasio et al 1982). Face agnosia, along with the varied neuropsychological disturbances that may accompany it, can now be analyzed with experimental paradigms and correlated with neuroanatomical loci of damage identified by neuroimaging methods. This affords a rare opportunity to elucidate cognitive and neural mechanisms of perception, learning, and memory humans. in NEUROPSYCHOLOGIC FACE AGNOSIA CHARACTERIZATION OF The Presentation of Face Agnosia The flavor of http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Annual Review of Neuroscience Annual Reviews

Face Agnosia and the Neural Substrates of Memory

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Publisher
Annual Reviews
Copyright
Copyright 1990 Annual Reviews. All rights reserved
Subject
Review Articles
ISSN
0147-006X
eISSN
1545-4126
DOI
10.1146/annurev.ne.13.030190.000513
pmid
2183687
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Antonio R. Damasio, Daniel Tranel, and Hanna Damasio Department of Neurology, Division of Behavioral Neurology and Cognitive Neuroscience, University of Iowa College of Medicine, Iowa City, Iowa 52242 Focal damageto selective regions of the humanassociation cortices can impair the ability to recognize the identity of previously familiar faces, even whenvisual perception and intellect remain unaltered. In general, the impairment is accompaniedby an inability to learn the identity of new faces. The phenomenonhas been noted since the turn of the century (Wilbrand 1892), and is knownas prosopagnosia, or face agnosia. Its bizarre and unseeming nature lent itself to doubts that it could be caused by specific neural dysfunction, and psychodynamicinterpretations were even offered. Recently, however, face agnosia has becomethe focus of serious study (e.g. Lhermitte et al 1972, Meadows 1974, Newcombe 1979, Benton 1980, Damasio et al 1982). Face agnosia, along with the varied neuropsychological disturbances that may accompany it, can now be analyzed with experimental paradigms and correlated with neuroanatomical loci of damage identified by neuroimaging methods. This affords a rare opportunity to elucidate cognitive and neural mechanisms of perception, learning, and memory humans. in NEUROPSYCHOLOGIC FACE AGNOSIA CHARACTERIZATION OF The Presentation of Face Agnosia The flavor of

Journal

Annual Review of NeuroscienceAnnual Reviews

Published: Mar 1, 1990

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