Environmental Impacts of Classical Biological Control

Environmental Impacts of Classical Biological Control of biological control agents has often been declared to be environmentally safe and risk free (4, 7, 17, 23, 28, 59, 72, 82, 126). However, adequate data to defend this assertion on safety have not been systematically gathered. In 1899, David Sharp (114) wrote to L. O. Howard concerning Koebele's program of importing biological control agents into Hawaii: It is important that a pennanent record shall be secured of what Mr. Koebele has done in matters that may affect the fauna, and we shall be much obliged if you will draw up a statement as full as you can on these points. Mr. Koebele is actually making a huge biological experiment, and the particulars should be fully recorded, though it must be very long before the results can be at all accurately estimated. Unfortunately, Sharp's advice has not been heeded, as few workers have studied the effects of purposefully introduced species on nontarget organisms or other aspects of the environment (75, 76). The limited information on the environmental impacts of biological control is scattered within the control and ecological literature or remains unpublished or, worse, ungathered. Often, different names have been used for the same organism, making comparisons http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Annual Review of Entomology Annual Reviews

Environmental Impacts of Classical Biological Control

Annual Review of Entomology, Volume 36 (1) – Jan 1, 1991

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Publisher
Annual Reviews
Copyright
Copyright 1991 Annual Reviews. All rights reserved
Subject
Review Articles
ISSN
0066-4170
eISSN
1545-4487
DOI
10.1146/annurev.en.36.010191.002413
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

of biological control agents has often been declared to be environmentally safe and risk free (4, 7, 17, 23, 28, 59, 72, 82, 126). However, adequate data to defend this assertion on safety have not been systematically gathered. In 1899, David Sharp (114) wrote to L. O. Howard concerning Koebele's program of importing biological control agents into Hawaii: It is important that a pennanent record shall be secured of what Mr. Koebele has done in matters that may affect the fauna, and we shall be much obliged if you will draw up a statement as full as you can on these points. Mr. Koebele is actually making a huge biological experiment, and the particulars should be fully recorded, though it must be very long before the results can be at all accurately estimated. Unfortunately, Sharp's advice has not been heeded, as few workers have studied the effects of purposefully introduced species on nontarget organisms or other aspects of the environment (75, 76). The limited information on the environmental impacts of biological control is scattered within the control and ecological literature or remains unpublished or, worse, ungathered. Often, different names have been used for the same organism, making comparisons

Journal

Annual Review of EntomologyAnnual Reviews

Published: Jan 1, 1991

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