AND DEFINITIONS In this review, we discuss the impact of nondirected dietary change on the use of traditional food systems by indigenous peoples, and the consequences it has on their nutrition and health. Our approach is primarily within the scope of nutritional anthropology, or âanthropological nutrition.â We focus on culture and ecology as major determinants of nondirected dietary change. We also discuss the perspectives other disciplines have given toward understanding the impact these changes have on nutrition and health. A major portion of this review is dedicated to defining the unique qualities of traditional food systems of indigenous peoples, and we present examples of specific cultures where research on dietary change has uncovered nutrition and health consequences that are a result of the loss of these nutritional resources. We close with a summary of the threats to use of traditional food systems by indigenous peoples, and the current rationale and methods for protecting them. âTraditional food systemâ is used to identify all food within a particular culture available from local natural resources and culturally accepted. It also includes the sociocultural meanings, acquisitiodprocessing techniques, use, composition, and nutritional consequences for the people using the food. âIndigenous peopleâ refers to
Annual Review of Nutrition – Annual Reviews
Published: Jul 1, 1996
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