Dietary Change and Traditional Food Systems of Indigenous Peoples

Dietary Change and Traditional Food Systems of Indigenous Peoples AND DEFINITIONS In this review, we discuss the impact of nondirected dietary change on the use of traditional food systems by indigenous peoples, and the consequences it has on their nutrition and health. Our approach is primarily within the scope of nutritional anthropology, or “anthropological nutrition.” We focus on culture and ecology as major determinants of nondirected dietary change. We also discuss the perspectives other disciplines have given toward understanding the impact these changes have on nutrition and health. A major portion of this review is dedicated to defining the unique qualities of traditional food systems of indigenous peoples, and we present examples of specific cultures where research on dietary change has uncovered nutrition and health consequences that are a result of the loss of these nutritional resources. We close with a summary of the threats to use of traditional food systems by indigenous peoples, and the current rationale and methods for protecting them. “Traditional food system” is used to identify all food within a particular culture available from local natural resources and culturally accepted. It also includes the sociocultural meanings, acquisitiodprocessing techniques, use, composition, and nutritional consequences for the people using the food. “Indigenous people” refers to http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Annual Review of Nutrition Annual Reviews

Dietary Change and Traditional Food Systems of Indigenous Peoples

Annual Review of Nutrition, Volume 16 (1) – Jul 1, 1996

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Publisher
Annual Reviews
Copyright
Copyright 1996 Annual Reviews. All rights reserved
Subject
Review Articles
ISSN
0199-9885
eISSN
1545-4312
DOI
10.1146/annurev.nu.16.070196.002221
pmid
8839933
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

AND DEFINITIONS In this review, we discuss the impact of nondirected dietary change on the use of traditional food systems by indigenous peoples, and the consequences it has on their nutrition and health. Our approach is primarily within the scope of nutritional anthropology, or “anthropological nutrition.” We focus on culture and ecology as major determinants of nondirected dietary change. We also discuss the perspectives other disciplines have given toward understanding the impact these changes have on nutrition and health. A major portion of this review is dedicated to defining the unique qualities of traditional food systems of indigenous peoples, and we present examples of specific cultures where research on dietary change has uncovered nutrition and health consequences that are a result of the loss of these nutritional resources. We close with a summary of the threats to use of traditional food systems by indigenous peoples, and the current rationale and methods for protecting them. “Traditional food system” is used to identify all food within a particular culture available from local natural resources and culturally accepted. It also includes the sociocultural meanings, acquisitiodprocessing techniques, use, composition, and nutritional consequences for the people using the food. “Indigenous people” refers to

Journal

Annual Review of NutritionAnnual Reviews

Published: Jul 1, 1996

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