COGNITIVE NEUROSCIENCE OF HUMAN MEMORY

COGNITIVE NEUROSCIENCE OF HUMAN MEMORY ▪ Abstract Current knowledge is summarized about long-term memory systems of the human brain, with memory systems defined as specific neural networks that support specific mnemonic processes. The summary integrates convergent evidence from neuropsychological studies of patients with brain lesions and from functional neuroimaging studies using positron emission tomography (PET) or functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). Evidence is reviewed about the specific roles of hippocampal and parahippocampal regions, the amygdala, the basal ganglia, and various neocortical areas in declarative memory. Evidence is also reviewed about which brain regions mediate specific kinds of procedural memory, including sensorimotor, perceptual, and cognitive skill learning; perceptual and conceptual repetition priming; and several forms of conditioning. Findings are discussed in terms of the functional neural architecture of normal memory, age-related changes in memory performance, and neurological conditions that affect memory as such amnesia, Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, and Huntington's disease. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Annual Review of Psychology Annual Reviews

COGNITIVE NEUROSCIENCE OF HUMAN MEMORY

Annual Review of Psychology, Volume 49 (1) – Feb 1, 1998

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Publisher
Annual Reviews
Copyright
Copyright © 1998 by Annual Reviews Inc. All rights reserved
Subject
Review Articles
ISSN
0066-4308
eISSN
1545-2085
DOI
10.1146/annurev.psych.49.1.87
pmid
9496622
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

▪ Abstract Current knowledge is summarized about long-term memory systems of the human brain, with memory systems defined as specific neural networks that support specific mnemonic processes. The summary integrates convergent evidence from neuropsychological studies of patients with brain lesions and from functional neuroimaging studies using positron emission tomography (PET) or functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). Evidence is reviewed about the specific roles of hippocampal and parahippocampal regions, the amygdala, the basal ganglia, and various neocortical areas in declarative memory. Evidence is also reviewed about which brain regions mediate specific kinds of procedural memory, including sensorimotor, perceptual, and cognitive skill learning; perceptual and conceptual repetition priming; and several forms of conditioning. Findings are discussed in terms of the functional neural architecture of normal memory, age-related changes in memory performance, and neurological conditions that affect memory as such amnesia, Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, and Huntington's disease.

Journal

Annual Review of PsychologyAnnual Reviews

Published: Feb 1, 1998

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