The intensity of research on the central catecholaminergic neuron systems has continued unabated since last year's review of the dopaminergic systems (Moore & Bloom 1978). Although our original intent was to attempt a review of the structure and function of all these systems within one chapter, the richness of important details deserving of inclusion resulted in a contriÂ bution exceeding the pages available. As a result, we have had an additional year in which to acquire even more material pertaining to the central adrenergic and noradrenergic neuron systems. It is the noradrenergic sysÂ tems in particular that present the more flagrant violations (Dismukes 1977) of the structural and functional archetypes normally attributed to central neuronal systems. Their widespread efferent trajectories with high degrees of collateral arborization, their marked propensity for the expression of post-lesion regrowth, and their unique combination of functional actions, enriched in some cases by association with adenylate cyclase, all combine 0147-006X/79/03 15-01 1 3$Ol.OO MOORE & BLOOM to make these noradrenergic neurons of great interest. At the same time, the development of immunocytochemical methodologies has revealed the existence of separate and distinctive adrenergic neuron systems whose anatomical and physiological characteristics may have relevance to a
Annual Review of Neuroscience – Annual Reviews
Published: Mar 1, 1979
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