Central Catecholamine Neuron Systems: Anatomy and Physiology of the Norepinephrine and Epinephrine Systems

Central Catecholamine Neuron Systems: Anatomy and Physiology of the Norepinephrine and... The intensity of research on the central catecholaminergic neuron systems has continued unabated since last year's review of the dopaminergic systems (Moore & Bloom 1978). Although our original intent was to attempt a review of the structure and function of all these systems within one chapter, the richness of important details deserving of inclusion resulted in a contri­ bution exceeding the pages available. As a result, we have had an additional year in which to acquire even more material pertaining to the central adrenergic and noradrenergic neuron systems. It is the noradrenergic sys­ tems in particular that present the more flagrant violations (Dismukes 1977) of the structural and functional archetypes normally attributed to central neuronal systems. Their widespread efferent trajectories with high degrees of collateral arborization, their marked propensity for the expression of post-lesion regrowth, and their unique combination of functional actions, enriched in some cases by association with adenylate cyclase, all combine 0147-006X/79/03 15-01 1 3$Ol.OO MOORE & BLOOM to make these noradrenergic neurons of great interest. At the same time, the development of immunocytochemical methodologies has revealed the existence of separate and distinctive adrenergic neuron systems whose anatomical and physiological characteristics may have relevance to a http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Annual Review of Neuroscience Annual Reviews

Central Catecholamine Neuron Systems: Anatomy and Physiology of the Norepinephrine and Epinephrine Systems

Annual Review of Neuroscience, Volume 2 (1) – Mar 1, 1979

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Publisher
Annual Reviews
Copyright
Copyright 1979 Annual Reviews. All rights reserved
Subject
Review Articles
ISSN
0147-006X
eISSN
1545-4126
DOI
10.1146/annurev.ne.02.030179.000553
pmid
231924
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The intensity of research on the central catecholaminergic neuron systems has continued unabated since last year's review of the dopaminergic systems (Moore & Bloom 1978). Although our original intent was to attempt a review of the structure and function of all these systems within one chapter, the richness of important details deserving of inclusion resulted in a contri­ bution exceeding the pages available. As a result, we have had an additional year in which to acquire even more material pertaining to the central adrenergic and noradrenergic neuron systems. It is the noradrenergic sys­ tems in particular that present the more flagrant violations (Dismukes 1977) of the structural and functional archetypes normally attributed to central neuronal systems. Their widespread efferent trajectories with high degrees of collateral arborization, their marked propensity for the expression of post-lesion regrowth, and their unique combination of functional actions, enriched in some cases by association with adenylate cyclase, all combine 0147-006X/79/03 15-01 1 3$Ol.OO MOORE & BLOOM to make these noradrenergic neurons of great interest. At the same time, the development of immunocytochemical methodologies has revealed the existence of separate and distinctive adrenergic neuron systems whose anatomical and physiological characteristics may have relevance to a

Journal

Annual Review of NeuroscienceAnnual Reviews

Published: Mar 1, 1979

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