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Bionomics of Siricidae

Department of Entomology, Waite Agricultural Research Institute, University of Adelaide, South Australia The Siricidae, with three subfamilies and about 100 species and subspe­ cies (47), is one of the larger families in the Siricoidea. Commonly called woodwasps or horntails, these insects develop in the wood of various trees and occur mainly in countries of the Palearctic (3, 7, 8, 61), Nearctic (9, 49, 56) and Oriental (47) regions of the world. The subfamily Megapteritinae contains two monotypic genera of fossils, the Siricinae comprises one extinct and six extant genera, and the Tremi­ cinae includes three modern genera (47). The recorded hosts of Siricinae are mainly conifers (softwoods) (7, 9, 16, 27, 56, 61, 74) while the Tremicinae develop within woody angiosperms (hardwoods) (7, 9, 27, 45, 47,49, 75). Apart from records of host plants, there is a paucity of biologi­ cal information for most species, general biologies being available for less than 20 species within the genera Xeris, Sire.x, Urocerus, and Treme.x. The literature contains more than 500 references but those selected in­ dicate the scope of research upon this insect group. DISTRIBUTION OF SPECIES Most woodwasps are relatively rare indigenes of certain regions, few species occurring in http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Annual Review of Entomology Annual Reviews
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