Updated Recommendations for Lightning Safety-1998 Ronald L. Holle,* Raul E. Lopez,* and Christoph Zimmermann+ 1 . Introduction day during the rest of the year. Since lightning strikes the ground with such great frequency and is so wide- Meteorological agencies in the United States and spread, it is not possible to warn each person for ev- around the world issue warnings, statements, and other ery flash. For this reason, lightning can be considered forecasts with the goal of mitigating casualties and the most dangerous weather hazard that many people damages caused by severe weather. These products are encounter each year. Lightning-specific warnings issued for three of the four important causes of storm- have proven effective in some unique applications, related fatalities: floods, tornadoes, and hurricanes such as at the Kennedy Space Center and during ma- (Fig. 1). However, no warnings or forecasts are typi- jor golf tournaments. cally issued for lightning, which is reported by the Although the scientific understanding of lightning has National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration advanced significantly in the last few decades (Krider (NOAA) publication Storm Data to rank second to 1996), a consistent match between basic science and floods in the number of deaths. Lightning also
Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society – American Meteorological Society
Published: Oct 18, 1999
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