AbstractThe concept of stochastic parameterization provides an opportunity to represent spatiotemporal errors caused by microphysics schemes that play important roles in supercell simulations. In this study, two stochastic methods, the stochastically perturbed temperature tendency from microphysics (SPTTM) method and the stochastically perturbed intercept parameters of microphysics (SPIPM) method, are implemented within the Lin scheme, which is based on the Advanced Regional Prediction System (ARPS) model, and are tested using an idealized supercell case. The SPTTM and SPIPM methods perturb the temperature tendency and the intercept parameters (IPs), respectively. Both methods use recursive filters to generate horizontally smooth perturbations and adopt the barotropic structure for the perturbation (r), which is multiplied by tendencies or parameters from this parameterization. A double-moment microphysics scheme is used for the truth run. Compared to the multi-parameter method, which uses randomly perturbed prescribed parameters, stochastic methods often produce larger ensemble spreads and better forecast the intensity of updraft helicity (UH). The SPTTM method better predicts the intensity by intensifying the mid-level heating with its positive perturbation r, whereas it performs worse in the presence of negative perturbation. In contrast, the SPIPM method can increase the intensity of UH by either positive or negative perturbation, which increases the likelihood for members to predict strong UH.
Monthly Weather Review – American Meteorological Society
Published: Nov 9, 2017
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