The Ensemble of Tropical Cyclone Track Forecasting Models in the North Atlantic Basin (19762000)

The Ensemble of Tropical Cyclone Track Forecasting Models in the North Atlantic Basin (19762000) The suite of tropical cyclone track forecast models in the Atlantic basin from the 1976 to 2000 hurricane seasons are treated as a forecast ensemble. The 12-h ensemble mean forecast, adjusted for forecast difficulty, has improved at a rate of just under 1 per year, and the improvement rate increases to almost 2.4 per year for the 72-h forecasts. The average size of the 72-h (48-h) error in 1976 is less than the average size of the 48-h (36-h) error in 2000. The average 36-h forecast error in 2000 is comparable to the 24-h forecast error in 1976. The ensemble currently spans the true path of the tropical cyclone in the cross-track direction more than 90 of the time and in the alongtrack direction between 60 and 90 of the time depending on the forecast lead time. The ensemble spread is unable to provide estimates of individual forecast reliability, likely making probabilistic landfall forecasts from this ensemble unreliable. The reliability of the spread in the cross-track direction suggests the possibility of limiting hurricane watch and warning regions depending upon the ensemble spread at landfall. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society American Meteorological Society

The Ensemble of Tropical Cyclone Track Forecasting Models in the North Atlantic Basin (19762000)

Loading next page...
 
/lp/ams/the-ensemble-of-tropical-cyclone-track-forecasting-models-in-the-north-0djF8FMzdK
Publisher
American Meteorological Society
Copyright
Copyright © American Meteorological Society
ISSN
1520-0477
D.O.I.
10.1175/1520-0477(2001)082<0000:TEOTCT>2.3.CO;2
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The suite of tropical cyclone track forecast models in the Atlantic basin from the 1976 to 2000 hurricane seasons are treated as a forecast ensemble. The 12-h ensemble mean forecast, adjusted for forecast difficulty, has improved at a rate of just under 1 per year, and the improvement rate increases to almost 2.4 per year for the 72-h forecasts. The average size of the 72-h (48-h) error in 1976 is less than the average size of the 48-h (36-h) error in 2000. The average 36-h forecast error in 2000 is comparable to the 24-h forecast error in 1976. The ensemble currently spans the true path of the tropical cyclone in the cross-track direction more than 90 of the time and in the alongtrack direction between 60 and 90 of the time depending on the forecast lead time. The ensemble spread is unable to provide estimates of individual forecast reliability, likely making probabilistic landfall forecasts from this ensemble unreliable. The reliability of the spread in the cross-track direction suggests the possibility of limiting hurricane watch and warning regions depending upon the ensemble spread at landfall.

Journal

Bulletin of the American Meteorological SocietyAmerican Meteorological Society

Published: Sep 16, 2001

There are no references for this article.

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

Monthly Plan

  • Read unlimited articles
  • Personalized recommendations
  • No expiration
  • Print 20 pages per month
  • 20% off on PDF purchases
  • Organize your research
  • Get updates on your journals and topic searches

$49/month

Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial

Best Deal — 39% off

Annual Plan

  • All the features of the Professional Plan, but for 39% off!
  • Billed annually
  • No expiration
  • For the normal price of 10 articles elsewhere, you get one full year of unlimited access to articles.

$588

$360/year

billed annually
Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial