Only two orbits are in common use for meteorological satellites. Geostationary satellites (GEOs) orbit at about 35 790 km above the equator with the same angular velocity as the earth, so that the satellite remains stationary above a selected meridian. This orbit has the considerable advantage that images can be made frequently, which allows the time evolution of rapidly developing weather phenomena to be observed and studied. Low earth orbiters (LEOs), such as the sunsynchronous NOAA satellites, orbit between about 600 and 1500 km above the surface. They have the advantage that a single instrument can observe the entire earth, but only the poles are observed frequently (once each orbit). Most of the rest of the earth is viewed twice per day.Neither of these orbits serve the high latitudes well. The geostationary satellites cannot view the poles at all, and the high latitudes are observed poorly due to the slant angle. LEOs observe the high latitudes only two to four times per day, separated by long gaps.Kidder and Vonder Haar (1990) pointed out that an orbit used by Soviet Molniya satellites for communications purposes acts like a part-time geostationary orbit for the high latitudes. To determine how useful a satellite in Molniya orbit might be for observing the atmosphere and ocean in the high latitudes, the Conference on the Meteorological and Oceanographic Uses of Satellites in Molniya Orbits was held on 3 May 1991, at the University of Alabama in Huntsville. This paper summarizes the conference. A proceedings volume is available from the author.
Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society – American Meteorological Society
Published: Feb 1, 1992
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.
Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.
It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera