Submesoscale Coherent Structures on the Continental Shelf

Submesoscale Coherent Structures on the Continental Shelf AbstractDiscovery and analysis of submesoscale variability O(0.3–30) km on the continental shelf is made possible by a high-resolution (Δx = 75 m) Regional Oceanic Modeling System (ROMS) simulation of the Southern California Bight (SCB). This variability is manifest in ubiquitous yet ephemeral coherent structures: fronts, filaments, and vortices. Similar to their open-ocean counterparts, fronts and filaments on the shelf are identified by their strong vertical velocity, surface convergence, cyclonic vorticity, and horizontal density gradient. Life cycles of these features typically last 3–5 days, with the formation dominated by a horizontal advective tendency that increases density and velocity gradients (i.e., frontogenesis). The shape of the coastline and depth of the water column both influence the abundance and spatial orientation of shallow-water fronts and filaments. Closer to shore, fronts and filaments often align themselves parallel to isobaths, and headlands often act as sites of intense vorticity generation through bottom stress. A quasi-steady, approximate momentum balance among rotation, pressure gradient, and vertical mixing—known as turbulent thermal wind (TTW)—often is valid in the strong secondary circulations local to fronts and filaments. However, front and filament circulations subject to strong diurnal variation in surface heating and vertical mixing are inconsistent with steady-state TTW balance. The secondary circulations can induce ephemeral material trapping and substantial vertical heat fluxes on the shelf. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of Physical Oceanography American Meteorological Society

Submesoscale Coherent Structures on the Continental Shelf

Loading next page...
 
/lp/ams/submesoscale-coherent-structures-on-the-continental-shelf-gedyrrv2tn
Publisher
American Meteorological Society
Copyright
Copyright © American Meteorological Society
ISSN
1520-0485
D.O.I.
10.1175/JPO-D-16-0270.1
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

AbstractDiscovery and analysis of submesoscale variability O(0.3–30) km on the continental shelf is made possible by a high-resolution (Δx = 75 m) Regional Oceanic Modeling System (ROMS) simulation of the Southern California Bight (SCB). This variability is manifest in ubiquitous yet ephemeral coherent structures: fronts, filaments, and vortices. Similar to their open-ocean counterparts, fronts and filaments on the shelf are identified by their strong vertical velocity, surface convergence, cyclonic vorticity, and horizontal density gradient. Life cycles of these features typically last 3–5 days, with the formation dominated by a horizontal advective tendency that increases density and velocity gradients (i.e., frontogenesis). The shape of the coastline and depth of the water column both influence the abundance and spatial orientation of shallow-water fronts and filaments. Closer to shore, fronts and filaments often align themselves parallel to isobaths, and headlands often act as sites of intense vorticity generation through bottom stress. A quasi-steady, approximate momentum balance among rotation, pressure gradient, and vertical mixing—known as turbulent thermal wind (TTW)—often is valid in the strong secondary circulations local to fronts and filaments. However, front and filament circulations subject to strong diurnal variation in surface heating and vertical mixing are inconsistent with steady-state TTW balance. The secondary circulations can induce ephemeral material trapping and substantial vertical heat fluxes on the shelf.

Journal

Journal of Physical OceanographyAmerican Meteorological Society

Published: Dec 8, 2017

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off