The Storm Studies in the Arctic (STAR) network (20072010) conducted a major meteorological field project from 10 October30 November 2007 and in February 2008, focused on southern Baffin Island, Nunavut, Canadaa region that experiences intense autumn and winter storms. The STAR research program is concerned with the documentation, better understanding, and improved prediction of meteorological and related hazards in the Arctic, including their modification by local topography and landsea iceocean transitions, and their effect on local communities. To optimize the applicability of STAR network science, we are also communicating with the user community (northern communities and government sectors). STAR has obtained a variety of surface-based and unique research aircraft field measurements, high-resolution modeling products, and remote sensing measurements (including Cloudsat) as part of its science strategy and has the first arctic Cloudsat validation dataset. In total, 14 research flights were flown between 5 and 30 November 2007, with eight coinciding with Cloudsat passes. The aircraft was outfitted with many instruments that measure cloud microphysical parameters and three unique Doppler-polarized airborne radars operating in Ka, X and W bands. The project area, instrumentation platforms, real-time forecasts, storm cases, and results thus far are discussed in this article. A number of synoptic and mesoscale features were sampledsuch as fronts, upslope/terrain-enhanced precipitation, convective precipitation, and boundary layer clouds/precipitationas well as targeted Cloudsat missions. One significant and unique event included a research flight into an intense high-latitude storm leftover from Hurricane Noelan intense tropical and extratropical disturbance that caused many fatalities in the tropics and extensive damage on the eastern North American seaboard. These synoptic and mesoscale features and high-latitude storms will be studied in detail over the next several years. It is anticipated that scientific progress in better understanding the nature of these arctic storms and their hazards will lead to improved conceptual models and improved prediction of such events.
Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society – American Meteorological Society
Published: Jan 24, 2010
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