Steam Fog: A System Interaction of Air and River

Steam Fog: A System Interaction of Air and River correspondence Steam Fog: A System Interaction of Air and River William H. Raymond and Timothy J. Schmit, Coop- erative Institute for Meteorological Satellite Studies (CIMSS), University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wl 53706 1. Introduction Steam fog is very common over Lake Michigan and lakes in general, especially during eary winter cold air outbreaks (Church 1945). Over Lake Michigan the large source of relatively warm water enhances the chances for steam fog, so other conditions, such as wind, etc., are less of an influence. In contrast, rivers FIG. 1. GOES-7 visible image for 1331 UTC 14 September are narrow and the water volume is influenced by a number of factors. Local occurrences of steam fog over rivers are fairly common but ideal conditions are required for it to occur over a large area. One such event occurred on two different days during September 1987. The Geostationary Operational En- vironmental Satellite (COES-7) recorded these scenic pictures (figures 1-3), reminding us that indeed there is an occasional enhanced interaction visible to the unaided eye between the water in the rivers and the water vapor in the air. 2. Satellite images FIG. 2. GOES-7 visible image for 1301 UTC 25 September O n 14 http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society American Meteorological Society

Steam Fog: A System Interaction of Air and River

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Publisher
American Meteorological Society
Copyright
Copyright © American Meteorological Society
ISSN
1520-0477
D.O.I.
10.1175/1520-0477-70.11.1445
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

correspondence Steam Fog: A System Interaction of Air and River William H. Raymond and Timothy J. Schmit, Coop- erative Institute for Meteorological Satellite Studies (CIMSS), University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wl 53706 1. Introduction Steam fog is very common over Lake Michigan and lakes in general, especially during eary winter cold air outbreaks (Church 1945). Over Lake Michigan the large source of relatively warm water enhances the chances for steam fog, so other conditions, such as wind, etc., are less of an influence. In contrast, rivers FIG. 1. GOES-7 visible image for 1331 UTC 14 September are narrow and the water volume is influenced by a number of factors. Local occurrences of steam fog over rivers are fairly common but ideal conditions are required for it to occur over a large area. One such event occurred on two different days during September 1987. The Geostationary Operational En- vironmental Satellite (COES-7) recorded these scenic pictures (figures 1-3), reminding us that indeed there is an occasional enhanced interaction visible to the unaided eye between the water in the rivers and the water vapor in the air. 2. Satellite images FIG. 2. GOES-7 visible image for 1301 UTC 25 September O n 14

Journal

Bulletin of the American Meteorological SocietyAmerican Meteorological Society

Published: Nov 1, 1989

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