STAT t o t rn t Ct^tMAT t // r A . M . WAPLE AND J.H . LAWRIMORE, EDS. AMERICAN METEOROLOGICAL SOCIETY JUNE 2003 BARFT | SI TABL E OF CONTENTS 1. Introduction 4 2. Global climate 5 a. Global surface temperature 5 b. Upper-air temperature 5 i) Lower troposphere 6 II) Midtroposphere 6 in) Lower stratosphere 6 c. Global precipitation 6 d. Northern Hemisphere snow cover 8 3. Trends in trace gases 9 a. Stratospheric water vapor 9 b. Decreases in ozone depleting halogens in the troposphere 10 c. Global carbon dioxide in 2002 10 d. Global methane in 2002 12 e. Global carbon monoxide in 2002 13 f. Mauna Loa solar transmission 14 4. The Tropics 16 a. ENSO and the tropical Pacific 16 i) Overview 16 n) Equatorial Pacific Ocean sea surface and subsurface temperature evolution 16 in) Atmospheric circulation—Pacific basin 17 iv) The Madden-Julian oscillation and Kelvin wave activity 18 b. Tropical Storms 19 i) Atlantic hurricane season 19 (i) Overview 19 (ii) Seasonal activity 20 (iii) Landfalling U.S. tropical storms and hurricanes 21 (iv) Dominant climate factors influencing the 2002 Atlantic hurricane season 22 (a) El Nino 22 (b) The active multidecadal signal
Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society – American Meteorological Society
Published: Jun 1, 2003
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