INTERACTIONS Smoke and Clouds above the Southeast Atlantic Upcoming Field Campaigns Probe Absorbing Aerosol’s Impact on Climate yb Paquait Zuidema , Jens Redemann , James Hyoodwa , Robe Rt w ood , s atu Rt Piket H, m a Rtin Hi Pondoka , and Polaa Fo Rmenti rom July through October, smoke from biomass- burning (BB) fires on the southern African sub- Fcontinent is transported westward through the free troposphere over one of the largest stratocumulus cloud decks on our planet (Fig. 1). BB aerosol (smoke) absorbs shortwave radiation efficiently. This funda- mental property implicates smoke within myriad small-scale processes with potential large-scale im- pacts on climate that are not yet well understood. A coordinated, international team of scientists from the United States, United Kingdom, France, South Africa, and Namibia will provide an unprecedented interrogation of this smoke-and-cloud regime from 2016 to 2018, using multiple aircraft and surface- based instrumentation suites to span much of the breadth of the southeast Atlantic. Fig . 1. During September, 600-hPa winds escort the e Th scientific motivations are many. Smoke warms biomass burning aerosol (optical depth in warm colors) the atmosphere, in contrast to the climate cooling emanating from fires in continental
Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society – American Meteorological Society
Published: Jul 1, 2016
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