Sensitivity of Idealized Moist Baroclinic Waves to Environmental Temperature and Moisture Content

Sensitivity of Idealized Moist Baroclinic Waves to Environmental Temperature and Moisture Content AbstractIdealized simulations are used to examine the sensitivity of moist baroclinic wave growth to environmental temperature and moisture content. With relative humidity held fixed, the surface temperature at 45°N, denoted T0, is varied from 275 to 290 K. As T0 increases, the atmospheric moisture content, moist instability, and moist available potential energy also increase. For the chosen initial configuration, moist waves develop larger eddy kinetic energy Ke than corresponding dry waves, but enhanced diabatic heating at larger T0 does not further increase Ke. This finding is linked to a warm-frontal cyclonic potential vorticity (PV) anomaly that strengthens and shifts downstream at larger T0 owing to increased diabatic heating along the frontal cloud band. This eastward shift feeds back negatively on the parent cyclone by increasing the downstream export of mechanical energy aloft and degrading the phasing between dry baroclinic vertical motion and buoyancy within the warm sector. The latter suppresses the conversion from eddy potential energy to Ke [C(Pe, Ke)], offsetting a direct enhancement of C(Pe, Ke) by diabatic heating. Compared to their dry counterparts, isolated moist waves (initiated by a single finite-amplitude PV anomaly) display a similar sensitivity to T0, while periodic wave trains (initiated by multiple such anomalies) exhibit a stronger negative relationship. The latter stems from anticyclonic diabatic PV anomalies aloft that originate along the warm front and recirculate through the system to interact with the upper-level trough. This interaction leads to a horizontal forward wave tilt that enhances the conversion of wave Ke into zonal-mean kinetic energy. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences American Meteorological Society

Sensitivity of Idealized Moist Baroclinic Waves to Environmental Temperature and Moisture Content

Loading next page...
 
/lp/ams/sensitivity-of-idealized-moist-baroclinic-waves-to-environmental-B2pfRKUzb0
Publisher
American Meteorological Society
Copyright
Copyright © American Meteorological Society
ISSN
1520-0469
D.O.I.
10.1175/JAS-D-17-0188.1
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

AbstractIdealized simulations are used to examine the sensitivity of moist baroclinic wave growth to environmental temperature and moisture content. With relative humidity held fixed, the surface temperature at 45°N, denoted T0, is varied from 275 to 290 K. As T0 increases, the atmospheric moisture content, moist instability, and moist available potential energy also increase. For the chosen initial configuration, moist waves develop larger eddy kinetic energy Ke than corresponding dry waves, but enhanced diabatic heating at larger T0 does not further increase Ke. This finding is linked to a warm-frontal cyclonic potential vorticity (PV) anomaly that strengthens and shifts downstream at larger T0 owing to increased diabatic heating along the frontal cloud band. This eastward shift feeds back negatively on the parent cyclone by increasing the downstream export of mechanical energy aloft and degrading the phasing between dry baroclinic vertical motion and buoyancy within the warm sector. The latter suppresses the conversion from eddy potential energy to Ke [C(Pe, Ke)], offsetting a direct enhancement of C(Pe, Ke) by diabatic heating. Compared to their dry counterparts, isolated moist waves (initiated by a single finite-amplitude PV anomaly) display a similar sensitivity to T0, while periodic wave trains (initiated by multiple such anomalies) exhibit a stronger negative relationship. The latter stems from anticyclonic diabatic PV anomalies aloft that originate along the warm front and recirculate through the system to interact with the upper-level trough. This interaction leads to a horizontal forward wave tilt that enhances the conversion of wave Ke into zonal-mean kinetic energy.

Journal

Journal of the Atmospheric SciencesAmerican Meteorological Society

Published: Jan 20, 2018

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

Monthly Plan

  • Read unlimited articles
  • Personalized recommendations
  • No expiration
  • Print 20 pages per month
  • 20% off on PDF purchases
  • Organize your research
  • Get updates on your journals and topic searches

$49/month

Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial

Best Deal — 39% off

Annual Plan

  • All the features of the Professional Plan, but for 39% off!
  • Billed annually
  • No expiration
  • For the normal price of 10 articles elsewhere, you get one full year of unlimited access to articles.

$588

$360/year

billed annually
Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial