AbstractTwo mesoscale circulations, the Sandhills circulation and the sea-breeze, influence the initiation of deep convection over the Sandhills and the coast in the Carolinas during the summer months. The interaction of these two circulations causes additional convection in this coastal region. Accurate representation of mesoscale convection is difficult as numerical models have problems with the prediction of the timing, amount, and location of precipitation. To address this issue, we have incorporated modifications to the Kain-Fritsch (KF) convective parameterization scheme and evaluated these mesoscale interactions using a high resolution numerical model. The modifications include changes to the subgrid-scale cloud formulation, the convective turnover timescale, and the formulation of the updraft entrainment rates. The use of a grid scaling adjustment parameter modulates the impact of the KF scheme as a function of the horizontal grid spacing used in a simulation. Results indicate that the impact of this modified cumulus parameterization scheme is more effective on domains with coarser grid sizes. Other results include: a decrease in surface and near-surface temperatures in areas of deep convection (due to the inclusion of the effects of subgrid scale clouds on the radiation), improvement in the timing of convection, and an increase in the strength of deep convection.
Monthly Weather Review – American Meteorological Society
Published: Sep 19, 2017
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