Revisiting the Balanced and Unbalanced Aspects of Tropical Cyclone Intensification

Revisiting the Balanced and Unbalanced Aspects of Tropical Cyclone Intensification AbstractThe balanced and unbalanced aspects of tropical cyclone (TC) intensification are revisited with the balanced contribution diagnosed with the outputs from a full-physics model simulation of a TC using the Sawyer–Eliassen (SE) equation. The results show that the balanced dynamics can well capture the secondary circulation in the full-physics model simulation even in the inner-core region in the boundary layer. The balanced dynamics can largely explain the intensification of the simulated TC. The unbalanced dynamics mainly acts to prevent the boundary layer agradient flow in the inner-core region from further intensification. Although surface friction can enhance the boundary layer inflow and make the inflow penetrate more inward into the eye region, contributing to the eyewall contraction, the net dynamical effect of surface friction on TC intensification is negative.The sensitivity of the balanced solution to the procedure used to ensure the ellipticity condition for the SE equation is also examined. The results show that the boundary layer inflow in the balanced response is very sensitive to the adjustment to inertial stability in the upper troposphere and the calculation of radial wind at the surface with relatively coarse vertical resolution in the balanced solution. Both the use of the so-called global regularization and the one-sided finite-differencing scheme used to calculate the surface radial wind in the balanced solution as utilized in some previous studies can significantly underestimate the boundary layer inflow. This explains why the boundary layer inflow in the balanced response is too weak in some previous studies. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences American Meteorological Society

Revisiting the Balanced and Unbalanced Aspects of Tropical Cyclone Intensification

Loading next page...
 
/lp/ams/revisiting-the-balanced-and-unbalanced-aspects-of-tropical-cyclone-F00FEOfpFE
Publisher
American Meteorological Society
Copyright
Copyright © American Meteorological Society
ISSN
1520-0469
eISSN
1520-0469
D.O.I.
10.1175/JAS-D-17-0046.1
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

AbstractThe balanced and unbalanced aspects of tropical cyclone (TC) intensification are revisited with the balanced contribution diagnosed with the outputs from a full-physics model simulation of a TC using the Sawyer–Eliassen (SE) equation. The results show that the balanced dynamics can well capture the secondary circulation in the full-physics model simulation even in the inner-core region in the boundary layer. The balanced dynamics can largely explain the intensification of the simulated TC. The unbalanced dynamics mainly acts to prevent the boundary layer agradient flow in the inner-core region from further intensification. Although surface friction can enhance the boundary layer inflow and make the inflow penetrate more inward into the eye region, contributing to the eyewall contraction, the net dynamical effect of surface friction on TC intensification is negative.The sensitivity of the balanced solution to the procedure used to ensure the ellipticity condition for the SE equation is also examined. The results show that the boundary layer inflow in the balanced response is very sensitive to the adjustment to inertial stability in the upper troposphere and the calculation of radial wind at the surface with relatively coarse vertical resolution in the balanced solution. Both the use of the so-called global regularization and the one-sided finite-differencing scheme used to calculate the surface radial wind in the balanced solution as utilized in some previous studies can significantly underestimate the boundary layer inflow. This explains why the boundary layer inflow in the balanced response is too weak in some previous studies.

Journal

Journal of the Atmospheric SciencesAmerican Meteorological Society

Published: Aug 16, 2017

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off