After reading a couple of disappointing earlier apart (while some do, many of course do not). In books on hurricanes that were also geared toward addition to these major flaws in content, there are this age group, I was hopeful that this book would 15 factual errors (in just 48 pages) that I will not be one that could be inviting to elementary school bore the readers here with but that have been re- children but still retain the essence of the science. layed to the publishing company. Unfortunately, after reading through this latest book Despite these errors, the book's strength is in its by D. M. Souza, who has had much experience pictures demonstrating clearly the structure of a hur- writing other science books for this age group, I ricane and its impact on people. However, the flaws was again not impressed with the overall effort. in the sections "How Does a Hurricane Develop?," While the book is filled with beautiful pictures and "When and Where Do Hurricanes Form?," "What diagrams that are certain to grab the attention of a Makes a Hurricane Move?," and "What Happens 10-year old, it is also filled with many errors, both When a Hurricane Strikes Land?" make them sources minor and major. The major errors include 1) the of confusion, not information. A section that probably myth that the lowered pressure inside the hurricane should have been included, but was not, is hurricane eye directly causes the storm surge (a simple scale sites on the World Wide Web, such as the U.S. Na- analysis shows that this is a small second-order tional Hurricane Center: http://www.nhc.noaa.gov. effect compared to the wind stress forcing a Kelvin While there is certainly a need for science and, in par- wave); 2) the statement that "as long as ocean wa- ticular, meteorological education in the earliest grades, ters remain warm .. . the storm grows in size and I cannot recommend the use of this book for this pur- strength" (the author is apparently not familiar with pose because of the quite numerous errors, both in the the fact that strong tropospheric vertical wind shear larger conceptual issues and in the minor details. often delays intensification or even completely dis- —Chris Landsea. rupts hurricanes); 3) high and low pressure sys- tems—while clearly depicted in a schematic—are Chris Landsea is a meteorologist with NOAA/ incorrectly labeled; 4) the statement "scientists are AOML/Hurricane Research Division in Miami, still not certain why [no hurricanes occur in the Florida. • South Atlantic]" [even though Gray (1968) dem- onstrated why quite well: a weak to nonexistent References intertropical convergence zone and very strong ver- tical wind shear]; 5) the statement that "over a pe- Gray, W. M., 1968: A global view of the origin of tropical disturbances and storms. Mon. Wea. Rev., 96, 669-700. riod of five years, an average of three hurricanes Neumann, C. J., B. R. Jarvinen, C. J. McAdie, and J. D. Elms, will strike the United States" [the average actually 1993: Tropical Cyclones of the North Atlantic Ocean, 1871— is 8.2 over five years; Neumann et al. (1993)]; and 1992. Rep. prepared by the National Climatic Data Center, 6) the implication that hurricanes that hit the United Asheville, NC, in cooperation with the National Hurricane States must travel over cool water and begin to fall Center, Coral Gables, FL, 193 pp. Cambridge University Press Plenum Publishing Corporation 40 W. 20 St., New York, NY 10011 233 Spring St., New York, NY 10013 Telephone: 800-872-7423 Telephone: 800-221-9369 Carolrhoda Books Springer-Verlag 241 First Ave. North 175 Fifth Ave., 19th Fl. Minneapolis, MN 55401 New York, NY 10010 Telephone: 800-328-4929 Telephone: 212-460-1500 Kluwer Academic Publishers World Meteorological Organization 101 Philip Dr. (International orders only) C. D. 2300, CH-1211 Norwell, MA 02061 Geneva 2, Switzerland; Telephone: 41 22 730 84 78 Telephone: 617-871-6600 (Domestic orders should be placed through AMS) Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 1199
Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society – American Meteorological Society
Published: Jun 1, 1997
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