AbstractA high-resolution regional atmospheric model is employed to project the late twenty-first-century changes of tropical cyclone (TC) activity over the western North Pacific (WP) and southwest Pacific (SP). The model realistically reproduces the basic features of the TC climatology in the present-day simulation. Future projections under the representative concentration pathway 4.5 (RCP45) and 8.5 (RCP85) scenarios are investigated. The results show no significant change of TC genesis frequency (TCGF) in the WP by RCP45 due to the cancellation of the reduction over the western part and the increase over the eastern part together with a considerable decrease of TCGF by RCP85 due to the excessive TCGF reduction in the western part. The TCGF over the SP consistently decreases from RCP45 to RCP85. Despite the fact that the simulated maximum surface wind speeds are below 52 m s−1, the change with more strong TCs and fewer weak TCs is robust. The future changes in the TC genesis locations and translational speeds modulate the TC lifetime and frequency of occurrence. The TC genesis potential index (GPI) is used to evaluate the projected TCGF changes. The results show that low-level vorticity and midtropospheric vertical velocity largely contribute to the reduction of GPI in the western part of the WP, while vertical wind shear and midtropospheric vertical velocity mainly contribute to the decrease of GPI over the SP. The weakening of the monsoon trough is found to be responsible for the decreases of GPI and TCGF over the western part of the WP.
Journal of Climate – American Meteorological Society
Published: Aug 14, 2017
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.
Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.
It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera