POTENTIAL FEEDBACKS BETWEEN PACIFIC OCEAN ECOSYSTEMS AND INTERDECADAL CLIMATE VARIATIONS BY ARTHUR J. MILLER, MICHAEL A . ALEXANDER, GEORGE J. BOER, FEI CHAI, KEN DENMAN, DAVID J. ERICKSON III, ROBERT FROUIN, ALBERT J. GABRIC, EDWARD A . LAWS, MARLON R. LEWIS, ZHENGYU LIU, RAGU MURTUGUDDE, SHOICHIRO NAKAMOTO, DOUGLAS J. NEILSON, JOEL R. NORRIS, J. CARTER OHLMANN, R. IAN PERRY, NIKLAS SCHNEIDER, KAREN M. SHELL, AND AXEL TIMMERMANN Oceanic ecosystems altered by interdecadal climate variability may provide a feedback to the physical climate by phytoplankton affecting heat fluxes into the upper ocean and dimethylsulfide fluxes into the atmosphere. ceanic ecosystems influence climate on many lies show a "canonical" structure (e.g., Tanimot o et al. time and space scales. But this influence is not 1993; Zhang et al. 1997), with central North Pacific Owell understood. It is clear that interdecadal1 SSTs near the subtropical front bracketed to the east, physical climate variations occur in the Pacific sector. north, and south by oppositely signed SSTs. A second Interdecadal sea surface temperature (SST) anoma- SST pattern is centered around the subpolar front in the Kuroshio-Oyashio Extension region (Deser and Blackmon 1995; Nakamura et al. 1997) and tends to 1 We use the term
Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society – American Meteorological Society
Published: May 14, 2003
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