Prediction and Mitigation of Flash Floods (Adopted by the AMS Council on 14 February 2000) 1. Introduction it is too costly to use flood control structures on the large number of small streams flowing through popu- In spite of decades of effort by government and the lated areas. Moreover, it is difficult and costly to con- private sector to improve observations and warnings, struct and then continuously monitor the safety of all flash floods continue to be one of nature's worst kill- structures that could mitigate flash flood disasters. ers. For example, during an approximately 1-h period Therefore, it is vitally important to reduce the popu- lation living in floodplains by providing disincentives on 5 May 1995,16 lives were lost and over $1 billion to encroachment. This is one of the goals of the na- in property damage occurred as a result of a flash flood tional flood insurance program of the Federal Emer- in Dallas, Texas. Similarly, on the evening of 28 July 1997, a flash flood in Fort Collins, Colorado, took five gency Management Agency (FEMA). Nevertheless, lives and caused over $100 million in property dam- since too many people still dwell along small streams age. Events
Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society – American Meteorological Society
Published: Jun 1, 2000
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