AbstractClimatic extremes have direct and indirect effects on an ecosystem whereby thermal variations bring warm and cold weather and hydrological anomalies cause droughts and floods. Changing patterns of thirteen temperature and eleven precipitation extreme indices for a 36-year period (1980-2015) for four cities of Balochistan province of Pakistan including Pasni, Jiwani, Khuzdar, and Dalbadin were computed using RClimdex. A nonparametric Mann–Kendall test and Sen’s slope estimates were used to determine the statistical significance and magnitude of a trend, respectively. Most of the indices calculated for temperature extremes show statistically significant changes in their historic pattern depicting a clear picture of warming in the regions. The indices calculated for precipitation extremes show statistically significant as well as non-significant results, depicting asymmetrical droughts in the region. If the patterns of humid weather with hot and wet extremes in the coastal cities of Balochistan continue during a couple of future decades, there will be challenges in implementation of the multi-billion dollars Balochistan coast developmental projects of Pakistani port of Gwadar – a doorstep of the Middle East for Chinese planned business endeavors through Pakistan.
Earth Interactions – American Meteorological Society
Published: Mar 5, 2018
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