AbstractDuring high solar activity, the atmosphere receives more energy from the sun, particularly in the form of shortwave radiation. Most notable is the effect in the middle and upper atmosphere, which in general shows a positive temperature response due to physical and chemical processes that are intensified at high solar activity. It is thus surprising that a clear solar cycle signal is absent in the summer polar mesosphere region in spite of it being illuminated around the clock. In this study, it is investigated how the circulation in the summer mesosphere is affected by changes in the solar flux using a 30-yr run from the nudged version of the Canadian Middle Atmosphere Model (CMAM30). It is found that—in July—the solar cycle signal from direct solar heating is counteracted by an enhanced residual circulation, which adiabatically cools the region at a higher rate when the solar activity is above average. The dynamical cooling is partly initiated in the Southern Hemisphere winter stratosphere.
Journal of Climate – American Meteorological Society
Published: Jan 29, 2018
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