Numerical Simulations of Two-Layer Flow past Topography. Part I: The Leeside Hydraulic Jump

Numerical Simulations of Two-Layer Flow past Topography. Part I: The Leeside Hydraulic Jump AbstractLaboratory observations of the leeside hydraulic jump indicate it consists of a statistically stationary turbulent motion in an overturning wave. From the point of view of the shallow-water equations (SWE), the hydraulic jump is a discontinuity in fluid-layer depth and velocity at which kinetic energy is dissipated. To provide a deeper understanding of the leeside hydraulic jump, three-dimensional numerical solutions of the Navier–Stokes equations (NSE) are carried out alongside SWE solutions for nearly identical physical initial-value problems. Starting from a constant-height layer flowing over a two-dimensional obstacle at constant speed, it is demonstrated that the SWE solutions form a leeside discontinuity owing to the collision of upstream-moving characteristic curves launched from the obstacle. Consistent with the SWE solution, the NSE solution indicates the leeside hydraulic jump begins as a steepening of the initially horizontal density interface. Subsequently, the NSE solution indicates overturning of the density interface and a transition to turbulence. Analysis of the initial-value problem in these solutions shows that the tendency to form either the leeside height–velocity discontinuity in the SWE or the overturning density interface in the exact NSE is a feature of the inviscid, nonturbulent fluid dynamics. Dissipative turbulent processes associated with the leeside hydraulic jump are a consequence of the inviscid fluid dynamics that initiate and maintain the locally unstable conditions. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences American Meteorological Society

Numerical Simulations of Two-Layer Flow past Topography. Part I: The Leeside Hydraulic Jump

Loading next page...
 
/lp/ams/numerical-simulations-of-two-layer-flow-past-topography-part-i-the-lee-SjQ9iu5Dgg
Publisher
American Meteorological Society
Copyright
Copyright © American Meteorological Society
ISSN
1520-0469
eISSN
1520-0469
D.O.I.
10.1175/JAS-D-17-0306.1
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

AbstractLaboratory observations of the leeside hydraulic jump indicate it consists of a statistically stationary turbulent motion in an overturning wave. From the point of view of the shallow-water equations (SWE), the hydraulic jump is a discontinuity in fluid-layer depth and velocity at which kinetic energy is dissipated. To provide a deeper understanding of the leeside hydraulic jump, three-dimensional numerical solutions of the Navier–Stokes equations (NSE) are carried out alongside SWE solutions for nearly identical physical initial-value problems. Starting from a constant-height layer flowing over a two-dimensional obstacle at constant speed, it is demonstrated that the SWE solutions form a leeside discontinuity owing to the collision of upstream-moving characteristic curves launched from the obstacle. Consistent with the SWE solution, the NSE solution indicates the leeside hydraulic jump begins as a steepening of the initially horizontal density interface. Subsequently, the NSE solution indicates overturning of the density interface and a transition to turbulence. Analysis of the initial-value problem in these solutions shows that the tendency to form either the leeside height–velocity discontinuity in the SWE or the overturning density interface in the exact NSE is a feature of the inviscid, nonturbulent fluid dynamics. Dissipative turbulent processes associated with the leeside hydraulic jump are a consequence of the inviscid fluid dynamics that initiate and maintain the locally unstable conditions.

Journal

Journal of the Atmospheric SciencesAmerican Meteorological Society

Published: Apr 10, 2018

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve Freelancer

DeepDyve Pro

Price
FREE
$49/month

$360/year
Save searches from Google Scholar, PubMed
Create lists to organize your research
Export lists, citations
Access to DeepDyve database
Abstract access only
Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles
Print
20 pages/month
PDF Discount
20% off