NEWS AND NOTES Col d water s ar e blue; purple, red, and OCEA N SURFACE SALTINESS INFLUENCES EL NINO FORECASTS orange water s ar e warmer ; Knowin g the salt content of the Tony Busalacchi, and Ragu and yello w indicates ocean's surface may help scientists Murtugudde , is one of the sea surface tem- improv e the ability to predict El first to look at ocean sa- perature s up Nin o events. In a study o f the linit y in El Nino/ t o 35°C. western Pacific Ocean, NASA sci- Souther n Oscilla- entists found that regional changes tio n predictions in sa- in the saltiness of surface ocean and their relation- linit y J water correspond to changes in ship to tropical sea o c - | upper-ocea n heat content in the surfac e tempera- cur , I the y I month s preceding an El Nino tures , sea level, event. Knowing the distribution of winds, and freshwa- affec t th e El surface salinity may help predict te r from rain. Re- these events. sults o f the study are in Nin o even t for Th e study, conducted
Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society – American Meteorological Society
Published: Apr 1, 2003
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