hotline can be reached from anywhere in the United Uncharte d Sea Mount Discovered States by dialing 900-410-NOAA. (Non-AT&T sub- A previously unknown underwater mountain mea- scribers can reach the service by first dialing 1-0- suring approximately 8 miles long, 2 miles wide, and 288-900.) The taped messages are continuously up- rising over 10,000 feet from the ocean floor was dated by the center as new developments occur. recently located and mapped by personnel on board The hotline can receive 7,200 calls simultaneously, the Discoverer, a scientific research vessel of the or up to 216,000 calls per hour, 24 hours a day. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Calls cost 50 cents for the first minute and 45 cents The new geographic feature is located at 1 degree for each additional minute. 52 minutes south and 139 degrees 57 minutes west. Last year more than 100,000 calls were made to Using a 12 kHz fathometer and a line scanner the the hotline when Hurricane Gilbert threatened the crew created an underwater equivalent to a topo- United States coast. In 1985, when the hurricane graphic map showing the sea mount's relative height hotline was first established, as many as 700,000 and contours. The data have been forwarded to calls were recorded during Hurricanes Gloria and Washington, DC where they will be incorporated Elena. into furture marine charts after verification. Standard recordings identify coastal areas under hurricane watch or warning, storm position, wind Hurricane s Named for 1989 speeds, anticipated path, and tidal effects. Names for 1989 hurricanes or tropical storms were recently chosen by the National Oceanic and At- Cautio n to Coastal Residents During mospheric Administration. Hurrican e Season Atlantic hurricanes, which occur during the season The National Weather Service has cautioned coastal running from 1 June-30 November, will be named residents and visitors to be on guard during the Allison, Barry, Chantal, Dean, Erin, Felix, Gabrielle, hurricane season. If a major storm strikes a coastal Hugo, Iris, Jerry, Karen, Luis, Marilyn, Noel, Opal, metropolitan center this year, the risk of fatalities is Pablo, Roxanne, Sebastian, Tanya, Van, and Wendy. high because the endangered population may face Pacific storms, which occur from 15 May-30 No- congested evacuation routes, insufficient escape vember, will be named Adolph, Barbara, Cosme, time, and too little experience with emergencies Dalilia, Erick, Flossie, Gil, Henriette, Ismael, Juliette, according to Robert Sheets, director of NWS in Coral Kiko, Lorena, Manuel, Narda, Octave, Priscilla, Ray- Gables, Florida. mond, Sonia, Tico, Velma, and Winnie. Coastal residents and visitors alike should take the Storms are named when wind speeds reach 39 threat of an impending storm seriously, aquaint them- mph. Easily remembered names are used to reduce selves with hurricane safety rules, and evacuate confusion when two or more tropical storms occur immediately if advised to do so. Based on a 20-year at the same time. Names are chosen from six rotating average, hurricanes claim 30 lives in the United lists and agreed upon by the World Meteorological States each year. Last year's Hurricane Gilbert shows Organization. that averages can be misleading, however. In 1978, the practice of naming hurricanes after Gilbert was the most violent storm ever recorded women ended when both male and female names in the western hemisphere. It raked a deadly trail were included in the eastern North Pacific storm lists. across Jamaica with sustained winds of 123 miles an In 1979, male and female names were included in hour. The storm then intensified, slamming into the lists for the Atlantic Caribbean, and Gulf of Mexico. Yucatan Peninsula with sustained winds of 184 mph and gusts of up to 199 mph. Churning northward into the Gulf of Mexico, Gilbert struck about 100 Hurrican e Hotline Reopens miles south of Brownsville, Texas. At least 318 people The hurricane hotline provided by the National Hur- died, thousands were left homeless, and damages ricane Center in Coral Gables, Florida, will reopen totaled $10 billion. during the 1989 hurricane season to provide up-to- date information when a tropical storm or hurricane Through the National Hurricane Center, The Na- develops. tional Weather Service strives to give 24-hours warn- ing of where a hurricane will hit the land. Sheets This public service is provided by the National noted, however, that some storms do not allow this Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration National Weather Service, NBC News, and USA Today. The much time for warnings. • 1052 Vol. 70, No. 8, August 1989
Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society – American Meteorological Society
Published: Aug 1, 1989
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