NEWS AN D Notes Massive Pollution Documented over Indian the six-week experiment. The affected area includes Ocean most of the northern Indian Ocean, including the Ara- An international group of scientists has documented bian Sea, much of the Bay of Bengal, and spills over widespread pollution covering about 10 million square into the equatorial Indian Ocean to about 5° south of kilometers of the tropical Indian Ocean—roughly the the equator. same area as the continental United States. This find- The haze is caused by high concentrations of small ing by scientists participating in the Indian Ocean particles known as aerosols that are usually less than Experiment (INDOEX) raises serious questions about a few micrometers in diameter. Comprised primarily what impact the extensive pollution is having on cli- of soot, sulfates, nitrates, organic particles, fly ash, and mate processes and on marine life in the ocean below. mineral dust, the particles often reduced visibility over INDOEX, a $25 million project, sponsored in part the open ocean to less than 10 km, a range typically by the National Science Foundation (NSF), is investi- found near polluted regions of the United States and gating how tiny pollutant particles called aerosols are Europe.
Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society – American Meteorological Society
Published: Aug 1, 1999
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