Dip in Temperatures Caused by Pinatubo Status and Successes Discussed at ARM Science With a fury unseen by humankind in the twentieth Team Meeting century, in June 1991, Mount Pinatubo let forth enor- Science Team members from the Southern Great mous amounts of ash and sulfur dioxide gas into the Plains (SGP) Atmospheric Radiation Measuring (ARM) atmosphere, blackening the sky for days. NASA scien- Program site, located in Grant County, Oklahoma, tists said that they had suspected that volcanic activity, convened to address their needs in the program, their such as the eruptions of Pinatubo and Tambora, could research, what they have learned to date, how to use cause significant short-term climatic changes. They the information learned, the problems they foresee, deduced that aerosols produced from the gas and ash and what they are planning for the future. that spewed from the volcanoes blocked incoming "The meeting was quite excellent in context," said radiation from the sun. This would affect earth's tem- Ted Cress, technical director of the ARM Program. perature for several years after a climatic disturbance "We are excited over the potential of providing the of Pinatubo's magnitude. amount and scope of data that the program has
Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society – American Meteorological Society
Published: Apr 1, 1993
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