AbstractThe wintertime atmospheric blocking over the Atlantic is investigated using a newly developed methodology, namely, localized multiscale energy and vorticity analysis (MS-EVA), and the theory of canonical energy transfer. Through a multiscale window transform (MWT), the atmospheric fields from the ERA-40 reanalysis data are reconstructed on three scale ranges or scale windows: basic flow window, blocking window, and synoptic window. The blocking event is obtained by compositing the wintertime blocking episodes, and a clear westward retrograding signal is identified on the blocking window. Likewise, the local multiscale energetics following the signal are composited. It is found that a lifecycle of the blocking scale kinetic energy (KE) may be divided into three phases: onset phase, amplification phase, and decay phase. Different phases have different mechanisms in play. In general, pressure work and the canonical transfer from the synoptic eddies initiate the generation of the blocking, while the latter contributes to its amplification. The blocking decays as the system transports the KE away and as it converts the KE into available potential energy (APE) through buoyancy conversion. For the APE on the blocking window, its evolution experiences two maxima and, correspondingly, two phases can be distinguished. In the first maximum phase, the dominating mechanism is baroclinic instability; in the second, buoyancy conversion takes place. These are also the mechanisms that cause the warm core of the blocking in the troposphere.
Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences – American Meteorological Society
Published: Jul 26, 2017
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.
Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.
It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera