AbstractThe authors investigate the life cycle of a strong subtropical stratospheric intrusion event and propose a hypothesis through which might reduce the intensity of the Indian-summer-monsoon rainfall (ISMR) after the monsoon onset during June 2014. The diagnostic analysis of ERA-Interim data revealed that stratospheric intrusion occurs in the region of Subtropical Westerly Jet (SWJ) due to Rossby Wave Breaking (RWB). The RWB event is associated with eddy shedding. These eddies transport extratropical stratospheric mass and energy fluxes downward and southward to North India (NI). As a result, the intrusion spread dry, cold and ozone rich air deep into the troposphere (~500hPa) over the NI. It enhances the static stability and weakens the North-South upper tropospheric temperature gradient. The intrusion of cold and dry air persisted for the entire June which might have inhibited northward propagation of ISM convection and could be responsible for prolonged hiatus in northward phase propagation of the ISM after onset. We also investigate the relation between stratospheric intrusion events and ISMR from long term data (1979-2007). Our analysis shows that the stronger negative anomalies of rainfall are associated with stratospheric intrusions during break spells. Thus study reveals that stratospheric intrusion is an important factor that may influence ISMR deficit.
Journal of Climate – American Meteorological Society
Published: Mar 29, 2017
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