AbstractThis study investigates how pycnocline smoothing and subgrid-scale variability of density profiles influence the determination of the mixed layer depth (MLD) in the global ocean, and applies the results of analysis to assess the ability of ocean general circulation models (OGCM) to simulate the MLD. For this purpose, individual, monthly mean, and climatological profiles are analyzed over a horizontal resolution of 1° × 1° for both observation data (Argo) and eddy-resolving OGCM (OFES) results. It is found that the MLDs from averaged profiles are generally smaller than those from individual profiles because of pycnocline smoothing induced by the averaging process. A correlation is found between the decrease in MLD Δh and the increase in pycnocline thickness Δδ of averaged profiles, except during winter in the high-latitude ocean. The relation is estimated as Δh = −αΔδ − β, where α ≃ 0.7 in all cases, but β increases with the subgrid-scale variability of density profiles. A correlation is also found between Δh and the standard deviation of the MLD within a grid. The results are applied to estimate how much of the MLD bias of OFES is due to prediction error and how much is due to profile error, induced by different pycnocline smoothing and the subgrid-scale variability of density profiles. The study also shows how profile error varies with the threshold density difference criterion.
Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology – American Meteorological Society
Published: Sep 16, 2017
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.
Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.
It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera