Influence of Pycnocline Smoothing and Subgrid-Scale Variability of Density Profiles on the Determination of Mixed Layer Depth

Influence of Pycnocline Smoothing and Subgrid-Scale Variability of Density Profiles on the... AbstractThis study investigates how pycnocline smoothing and subgrid-scale variability of density profiles influence the determination of the mixed layer depth (MLD) in the global ocean, and applies the results of analysis to assess the ability of ocean general circulation models (OGCM) to simulate the MLD. For this purpose, individual, monthly mean, and climatological profiles are analyzed over a horizontal resolution of 1° × 1° for both observation data (Argo) and eddy-resolving OGCM (OFES) results. It is found that the MLDs from averaged profiles are generally smaller than those from individual profiles because of pycnocline smoothing induced by the averaging process. A correlation is found between the decrease in MLD Δh and the increase in pycnocline thickness Δδ of averaged profiles, except during winter in the high-latitude ocean. The relation is estimated as Δh = −αΔδ − β, where α ≃ 0.7 in all cases, but β increases with the subgrid-scale variability of density profiles. A correlation is also found between Δh and the standard deviation of the MLD within a grid. The results are applied to estimate how much of the MLD bias of OFES is due to prediction error and how much is due to profile error, induced by different pycnocline smoothing and the subgrid-scale variability of density profiles. The study also shows how profile error varies with the threshold density difference criterion. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology American Meteorological Society

Influence of Pycnocline Smoothing and Subgrid-Scale Variability of Density Profiles on the Determination of Mixed Layer Depth

Loading next page...
 
/lp/ams/influence-of-pycnocline-smoothing-and-subgrid-scale-variability-of-kj9n7hndg3
Publisher
American Meteorological Society
Copyright
Copyright © American Meteorological Society
ISSN
1520-0426
D.O.I.
10.1175/JTECH-D-17-0016.1
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

AbstractThis study investigates how pycnocline smoothing and subgrid-scale variability of density profiles influence the determination of the mixed layer depth (MLD) in the global ocean, and applies the results of analysis to assess the ability of ocean general circulation models (OGCM) to simulate the MLD. For this purpose, individual, monthly mean, and climatological profiles are analyzed over a horizontal resolution of 1° × 1° for both observation data (Argo) and eddy-resolving OGCM (OFES) results. It is found that the MLDs from averaged profiles are generally smaller than those from individual profiles because of pycnocline smoothing induced by the averaging process. A correlation is found between the decrease in MLD Δh and the increase in pycnocline thickness Δδ of averaged profiles, except during winter in the high-latitude ocean. The relation is estimated as Δh = −αΔδ − β, where α ≃ 0.7 in all cases, but β increases with the subgrid-scale variability of density profiles. A correlation is also found between Δh and the standard deviation of the MLD within a grid. The results are applied to estimate how much of the MLD bias of OFES is due to prediction error and how much is due to profile error, induced by different pycnocline smoothing and the subgrid-scale variability of density profiles. The study also shows how profile error varies with the threshold density difference criterion.

Journal

Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic TechnologyAmerican Meteorological Society

Published: Sep 16, 2017

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve Freelancer

DeepDyve Pro

Price
FREE
$49/month

$360/year
Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed
Create lists to
organize your research
Export lists, citations
Read DeepDyve articles
Abstract access only
Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles
Print
20 pages/month
PDF Discount
20% off