the polarimeter for a year. Coulson's distinguished ca- David Brewster, best known to AMS readers for in- reer at University of California, Davis, culminated by venting the kaleidoscope (1917) and discovering the receiving the highest grade of professorship. After a neutral point of skylight polarization below the sun; review of his career the award recognized his contri- but Couslon was unsuccesful in getting the book butions in developing an atmospheric sciences cur- published. ricula, his research publications, and the well-received Coulson was exceptionally responsible and devoted book Solar and Terrestrial Radiation: Methods and to tasks that he was assigned or that he created. He was Measurements (1975). a friendly, humorous, kind person who could be trusted.—Robert S. Fraser, with contributions from Coulson retired from the University of California, John Carroll, Vivien Coulson, J. V. Dave, Bruce Fitch, Davis, in 1979 as professor emeritus and then changed John Miller, Lorraine Remer, and V. S. Whitehead. • his career by becoming director of the Mauna Loa Ob- servatory in Hawaii. From a height of 3400 m above sea level in very clean air, he made observations of the intensity and degree of polarization measurements of twilight under pristine conditions and with volcanic aerosols. He did not completely retire when he left Hawaii >. / in 1984 but became a consultant to the National At- mospheric and Space Administration (NASA) at Houston (1984-92) to improve satellite measurements §1' of the earth's surface by utilizing the polarization char- acteristics of reflected sunlight, and also to remove part of the obscuring light scattered by the earth's atmo- * \ sphere. Coulson and V. S. Whitehead of NASA devel- oped a dual-camera system with orthogonal polarizers, which was mounted on several space shuttles. The crews operated these cameras and 400 pairs of the first polarization images of the earth were taken. In addi- tion, Coulson and Whitehead developed a polarimeter with a rotating analyzer to be operated from low-fly- ing aircraft and helicopters. With it oil spills on water were clearly delineated and standing water below plant canopies was detected. They received a patent for this 3n jf/Lemcutmi application. He received many awards. Among the more notable was chairman of the AMS Radiation Commission and appointment as Fellow of the AMS. His alma mater, Northwest Missouri State University, gave him an Outstanding Alumnus Award. He was the first presi- ^hi/kfr ^cmateMt dent of the Northern California Solar Energy Associa- tion and received an Outstanding Service Award from 1934-1999 them. The University of California, Davis, presented him with a Special Promotion for Outstanding Perfor- mance, Department of Land, Air, and Water Re- sources. As mentioned previously, he was awarded the highest level of professorship at the University of 1924-2000 California, Davis. Besides the two books already men- tioned, he published another book, Tables Related to Radiation Emerging from a Planetary Atmosphere with Rayleigh Scattering (with J. V. Dave and Z. Sekera in 1960.) He also wrote a biography of Sir 13 57 Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society
Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society – American Meteorological Society
Published: Jun 1, 2000
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