INSIGHTS and INNOVATIONS Dropwindsonde Observations for Typhoon Surveillance near the Taiwan Region (DOTSTAR) An Overview BY CHUN-CHIEH WU , PO-HSIUNG LIN, SIM ABERSON, TIEN-CHIANG YEH, WEI-PENG HUANG, KUN-HSUA N CHOU, JING-SHAN HONG, GUO-CHEN LU, CHIN-TZU FONG, KUAN-CHIEN HSU, L-L LIN, PAY-LIAM LIN, AND CHING-HWANG LIU yphoons are the most catastrophic weather phe- nomeno n in Taiwan. In 2001 alone, typhoons in TTaiwan caused 583 deaths and tremendous dam- age, including more than US$400 million in agricul- tural losses, and nearly paralyzed the Taipei Rapid Transit System. Ironically, typhoon rainfall is also a crucial water resource in Taiwan. An unfortunate lack of observations—other than those fro m satellites—in and around tropical cyclones in the region limits the accuracy of forecasts. As pointed out in the January 1999 Bulletin in an article by W u and Kuo, current data are inadequate for accurate initial and boundary FIG. I. Th e Astr a SP X jet releasing a dropwindsonde condition s for numerical tropical cyclone forecast (circled ) during a tes t flight in Marc h 2003. models. This deficiency constrains tropical cyclone forecast accuracy, as well as general understanding of tropical cyclones in the Northwest Pacific region. with collaboration between researchers
Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society – American Meteorological Society
Published: Jun 1, 2005
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