Frame of Reference for the STAC Committee on Meteorology and Oceanography of the Southern Hemisphere Most of the published literature on meteorology The concerns of the Committee on Meteorology and, to a certain extent, oceanography has emphasized and Oceanography of the Southern Hemisphere cover the Northern Hemisphere. However, the different dis- a wide range of topics and research interests, including: tributions of oceans and continents, and of topography, lead to differences in the circulation patterns of each 1) Compilation of reliable and quality controlled at- hemisphere. Explaining these differences helps in un- mospheric and oceanic observational data bases derstanding the global atmospheric and oceanic circu- and utilization of the global data reanalyses to im- lations. Furthermore, the two hemispheres are closely prove knowledge on Southern Hemisphere meteo- linked by a wide spectrum of atmospheric and oceano- rology and oceanography; graphic interactions; thus, advances in knowledge 2) Diagnosing and modeling circulation features in- about one hemisphere will be beneficial to understand- cluding regional mesoscale phenomena and exam- ing and predicting weather and climate in the other ining the hydrological cycle to benefit water re- hemisphere. Also, a description and understanding of source management; the theory and applications of meteorology and ocean- 3) Enhancing the skill of weather forecasting, includ- ography to Southern Hemisphere problems is vital for ing extreme events and regional severe weather; and all people living there. In this regard, some examples 4) Climate modeling to interpret observed long-term of important applications are the areas of agriculture, trends, as well as to enhance the seasonal and water resources, health, and environmental issues. interannual prediction in the Southern Hemisphere, Scientific inquiry into the meteorology and ocean- in particular to benefit such areas as agriculture, ography of the Southern Hemisphere has expanded water resources management, and environmental considerably since the 1970s, and there has been a and societal concerns. revolution in forecasting on all spatial and temporal scales since the early 1980s. New observational tech- The charge of the committee is the following: niques based on satellites, anchored and drifting buoys, and more ground-based stations have expanded the 1) To foster the advancement of scientific knowledge observational network to cover the whole hemisphere. of Southern Hemisphere meteorology and ocean- These techniques have made it possible to provide ography; daily objective analyses of a higher quality than pre- 2) To foster and facilitate the exchange of informa- viously possible. Furthermore, the better oceanic and tion and ideas on Southern Hemisphere meteorol- atmospheric data base which we have today owes ogy and oceanography; much to the many field experiments that have taken 3) To serve as a communications channel with other place in the intervening years. national and international organizations; Advances in knowledge can be most effectively at- 4) To encourage and support AMS sponsorship of tained by scientific cooperation among meteorologists conferences, symposia, and workshops to achieve from different countries with a common interest in the above goals; and global meteorology and oceanography. The American 5) To interact with other committees of the AMS, as Meteorological Society has an important role to play well as other national and international organiza- to facilitate the exchange of information and ideas, and tions, when it is deemed beneficial to the advance- to act as a liaison with other national and international ment of scientific knowledge, especially in the organizations to help disseminate new developments. Southern Hemisphere. 1578 Vol. 79, No. 8, August 1998
Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society – American Meteorological Society
Published: Aug 1, 1998
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