Evaluation of NCAR’s AutoNowCaster for Operational Application within the National Weather Service

Evaluation of NCAR’s AutoNowCaster for Operational Application within the National Weather Service AbstractNCAR’s AutoNowCaster (ANC) was modified to run over a large domain that encompasses the air traffic management hubs of Chicago, Illinois; New York City, New York; and Atlanta, Georgia. ANC produces nowcasts of convective likelihood (CL), with higher values delineating areas where storms are likely to form and be sustained, and vice versa. This paper presents the results of verifying ANC’s 60-min nowcasts of CL over the study area using data collected from 11 June to 30 September 2012. To reduce the high sensitivity of statistical scores to small errors in location and timing, spatial and temporal relaxation techniques were explored. The results show that, at a spatial scale of roughly 50 km and with no temporal relaxation, a CL value of 0.6 is an optimum threshold for nowcasting the general areas both where new storms may initiate and where existing storms will be sustained. Moreover, at that same spatial scale and with temporal relaxation (45–90 min from the nowcast issuance time), a CL value of 0.7 is a good threshold for nowcasting convective initiation alone. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Weather and Forecasting American Meteorological Society

Evaluation of NCAR’s AutoNowCaster for Operational Application within the National Weather Service

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Publisher
American Meteorological Society
Copyright
Copyright © American Meteorological Society
ISSN
1520-0434
eISSN
1520-0434
D.O.I.
10.1175/WAF-D-16-0173.1
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

AbstractNCAR’s AutoNowCaster (ANC) was modified to run over a large domain that encompasses the air traffic management hubs of Chicago, Illinois; New York City, New York; and Atlanta, Georgia. ANC produces nowcasts of convective likelihood (CL), with higher values delineating areas where storms are likely to form and be sustained, and vice versa. This paper presents the results of verifying ANC’s 60-min nowcasts of CL over the study area using data collected from 11 June to 30 September 2012. To reduce the high sensitivity of statistical scores to small errors in location and timing, spatial and temporal relaxation techniques were explored. The results show that, at a spatial scale of roughly 50 km and with no temporal relaxation, a CL value of 0.6 is an optimum threshold for nowcasting the general areas both where new storms may initiate and where existing storms will be sustained. Moreover, at that same spatial scale and with temporal relaxation (45–90 min from the nowcast issuance time), a CL value of 0.7 is a good threshold for nowcasting convective initiation alone.

Journal

Weather and ForecastingAmerican Meteorological Society

Published: Aug 30, 2017

References

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