AbstractSeven subsurface EM-APEX floats measured the voltage induced by the motional induction of sea water under Typhoon Fanapi 2010. Measurements were processed to estimate high-frequency oceanic velocity variance (z) associated with surface waves. Surface wave peak frequency fp and significant wave height Hs are estimated by a nonlinear least-squared fitting to assuming a broadband JONSWAP surface wave spectrum. The Hs is further corrected for the effects of float rotation, Earth’s geomagnetic field inclination, and surface wave propagation direction. The fp is 0.08 – 0.10 Hz, with the maximum fp of 0.10 Hz in the rear-left quadrant of Fanapi, which is ~ 0.02 Hz higher than in the rear-right quadrant. The Hs is 6 – 12 m with the maximum in the rear sector of Fanapi. Comparing our estimated fp and Hs with those assuming a single dominant surface wave yields differences of more than 0.02 Hz and 4 m, respectively. The surface waves under Fanapi simulated in the WAVEWATCH III (ww3) model are used to assess and compare to float estimates. Differences in the surface wave spectra of JONSWAP and ww3 yields uncertainties of < 5% outside Fanapi’s eyewall, and > 10% within the eyewall. The estimated fp is 10% less than simulated fp ww3 before the passage of Fanapi’s eye, and 20% less after eye passage. Most differences between Hs and simulated Hsww3 are < 2 m, except those in the rear-left quadrant of Fanapi, which are ~ 5 m. Surface wave estimates are important to guide future model studies of tropical cyclone–wave–ocean interactions.
Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology – American Meteorological Society
Published: Jan 22, 2018
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