AbstractA high-order filter for a cubed-sphere spectral element model was implemented in a three-dimensional spectral element dry hydrostatic dynamical core. The dynamical core incorporated hybrid sigma–pressure vertical coordinates and a third-order Runge–Kutta time-differencing method. The global high-order filter and the local-domain high-order filter, requiring numerical operation with a huge sparse global matrix and a locally assembled matrix, respectively, were applied to the prognostic variables, except for surface pressure, at every time step. Performance of the high-order filter was evaluated using the baroclinic instability test and quiescent atmosphere with underlying topography test presented by the Dynamical Core Model Intercomparison Project. It was revealed that both the global and local-domain high-order filters could better control the numerical noise in the noisy circumstances than the explicit diffusion, which is widely used for the spectral element dynamical core. Furthermore, by adopting the high-order filter, the effective resolution of the dynamical core could be increased, without weakening the stability of the dynamical core. Computational efficiency of the high-order filter was demonstrated in terms of both the time step size and the wall-clock time. Because of the nature of an implicit diffusion, the dynamical core employing this filter can take a larger time step size, compared to that using the explicit diffusion. The local-domain high-order filter was computationally more efficient than the global high-order filter, but less efficient than the explicit diffusion.
Monthly Weather Review – American Meteorological Society
Published: Jul 2, 2018
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