CLIMAT E ASSESSMENT FOR -Z001 BY A . M . WAPLE , J. H . LAWRIMORE, M . S. HALPERT, G . D . BELL, W . HIGGINS, B. LYON, M . J. MENNE , K . L. GLEASON , R. C . SCHNELL, J. R . CHRISTY, W . THIAW, W . J. WRIGHT , M . J. SALINGER, L. ALEXANDER , R. S. STONE, AN D S. J. CAMARG O AMERICA N METEOROLOGICAL SOCIETY JUNE 2002 BAH5- | SI I TABL E OF CONTENTS 1. Introduction 4 2. Global climate 5 a. Surface temperature 5 b. Upper-air temperature 7 1) Troposphere 7 2) Lower stratosphere 7 c. Global precipitation 8 d. Northern Hemisphere snow cover I I 3. Trace gases and radiative forcing 12 a. Carbon dioxide 13 b. Methane 14 c. Carbon monoxide 15 d. NOx, VOCs , S0 16 e. Halocarbons and nitrous oxide 18 4. The Tropics 20 a. ENSO and the tropical Pacific 20 1) Overview 20 2) Equatorial Pacific Ocean sea surface 21 and subsurface temperatures 3) Tropical circulation 22 i) Pacific Basin 22 ii) Upper-tropospheric anticyclonic 22 anomaly pattern in the subtropics 4) The Madden-Julian Oscillation 23 b. Atlantic hurricane season
Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society – American Meteorological Society
Published: Jun 1, 2002
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