Using hydrographic data and box models, it is shown that the presently discussed diversion of rivers such as the Yellow or the Yangtze for agricultural use is likely to cause the renewal of Bottom Water formation in the Japan/East Sea. Such formation was common (near the Siberian coast) in the 1930s, 1940s, and 1950s, but subsided since that time due to a warming trend (accompanied by a decreased salinity due to the melting of ice). Since a diversion of freshwater is analogous to evaporation, a (diversion induced) increase of salinity is expected and the increase is large enough to allow Bottom Water formation even at the present-day cooling rates. Even a modest diversion of merely 3000 m3 s1 (which is 10 of the total freshwater flux) will probably cause Bottom Water formation at a rate of roughly 750 000 m3 s1. This is the first study that predicts anthropogenic reversal of an existing vertical structure in a semienclosed sea.
Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society – American Meteorological Society
Published: Apr 29, 2001
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera