The current network of internationally exchanged in situ station data is not distributed evenly nor densely around the globe. Consequently, the in situ data contain insufficient information to identify fine spatial structure and variations over many areas of the world. Therefore, satellite observations need to be blended with in situ data to obtain higher resolution over the global land surface. Toward this end, the authors calibrated and independently verified an algorithm that derives land surface temperatures from the Special Sensor Microwave/Imager (SSM/I). This study explains the technique used to refine a set of equations that identify various surface types and to make corresponding dynamic emissivity adjustments. This allowed estimation of the shelter height temperatures from the seven channel measurements flown on the SSM/I instrument. Data from first-order in situ stations over the eastern half of the United States were used for calibration and intersatellite adjustment. The results show that the observational difference between the in situ point measurements and the SSM/I-derived areal values is about 2C with statistical characteristics largely independent of surface type. High-resolution monthly mean anomalies generated from the U.S. cooperative network served as independent verification over the same study area. This verification work determined that the standard deviation of the monthly mean anomalies is 0.76C at each 1 1 grid box. This level of accuracy is adequate to blend the SSM/I-derived temperature anomaly data with in situ data for monitoring global temperature anomalies in finer detail.
Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society – American Meteorological Society
Published: Sep 5, 2000
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera