Calculating Dropwindsonde Location and Time from TEMP-DROP Messages for Accurate Assimilation and Analysis

Calculating Dropwindsonde Location and Time from TEMP-DROP Messages for Accurate Assimilation and... AbstractCurrent practice is to transmit dropwindsonde data from aircraft using the TEMP-DROP format, which provides only the release location and time with 0.1° latitude × 0.1° longitude (about 11 km) and 1-h resolutions, respectively. The current dropwindsonde has a fall speed of approximately 15 m s−1, so the instrument will be advected faster horizontally than it will descend if the wind speed exceeds this value. Where wind speeds are greatest, such as in tropical cyclones, this will introduce large errors in the location of the observations, especially near the surface. A technique to calculate the correct time and location of each observation in the TEMP-DROP message is introduced. The mean differences between the calculated and reported locations are about 0.5 km for distance and 15 s for time, or <1% of the error size for distance and <10% for time. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology American Meteorological Society

Calculating Dropwindsonde Location and Time from TEMP-DROP Messages for Accurate Assimilation and Analysis

Loading next page...
 
/lp/ams/calculating-dropwindsonde-location-and-time-from-temp-drop-messages-ygJ0zJOxGI
Publisher
American Meteorological Society
Copyright
Copyright © American Meteorological Society
ISSN
1520-0426
D.O.I.
10.1175/JTECH-D-17-0023.1
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

AbstractCurrent practice is to transmit dropwindsonde data from aircraft using the TEMP-DROP format, which provides only the release location and time with 0.1° latitude × 0.1° longitude (about 11 km) and 1-h resolutions, respectively. The current dropwindsonde has a fall speed of approximately 15 m s−1, so the instrument will be advected faster horizontally than it will descend if the wind speed exceeds this value. Where wind speeds are greatest, such as in tropical cyclones, this will introduce large errors in the location of the observations, especially near the surface. A technique to calculate the correct time and location of each observation in the TEMP-DROP message is introduced. The mean differences between the calculated and reported locations are about 0.5 km for distance and 15 s for time, or <1% of the error size for distance and <10% for time.

Journal

Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic TechnologyAmerican Meteorological Society

Published: Aug 2, 2017

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off